Balancing Economic and 气候 Ambitions in Indonesia

发表: 2023年10月3日
作者: Joe Phelan, Executive Director of WBCSD APAC
类型: 洞察力

在东南亚的心脏地带,印尼正准备成为世界第四大经济体[1] by 2045. 这个国家的增长故事是由迅速增长的人口和不断壮大的中产阶级推动的[2], and continued economic growth. 然而, 印尼面临着一个至关重要的挑战:如何协调其经济雄心与应对气候变化的承诺, and ensure long-term sustainable growth.

印尼政府的目标是到2060年实现净零排放, 到2030年实现林业和其他土地利用净零排放的中期目标. 令人鼓舞的是, the country's land use policies have begun yielding results, notably marked by a significant reduction in deforestation[3]. But the path ahead requires a delicate balancing act, aligning efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect and restore nature, and sustain economic growth.

One vital piece of this puzzle is the role of the private sector. With their financial resources, 行业知识, agility and speed in spearheading grassroots initiatives, they play a pivotal role in driving Indonesia's sustainability agenda. 7月, 我参观了APRIL集团在廖内省的Kerinci业务,亲眼目睹了私营部门参与者的能力及其管理环境影响的方法.

Optimizing Systems at Scale

What struck me most was the sheer scale of their operations. 四月集团在廖内省管理着惊人的100万公顷特许土地, 大约有450个,000公顷的土地专门用来种植纸浆和纸张,面积是东京的两倍多. 除了, 四月集团每年在其苗圃培育超过2亿株幼苗, which are then planted within the plantations. Each tree undergoes meticulous care, 从组织培养繁殖到根形成和茎生长的日常监测.

As part of Indonesia's net-zero goals, 该国正在逐步淘汰煤炭使用,而四月集团在廖内省的业务正率先向更多可再生能源转变. To support its climate goals, APRIL集团正在以太阳能等可再生能源和清洁能源取代化石燃料,从而优化能源效率. By 2030, the company has set an ambition to install 50 MW of solar energy; and has started transitioning to electric vehicles, with 10 electric buses already deployed for employee transportation.  

As part of its 2030 sustainability targets, 是基于公司可持续森林管理2的承诺.0, 四月集团的目标是至少90%的工厂能源来自可再生能源和清洁能源.

在我访问期间,让我印象深刻的是对可持续能源实践的不可思议的承诺. 印尼在可再生能源方面的投入和资源确实令人印象深刻,这对印尼的气候目标来说是个好兆头.

 

Restoring Riau’s Ecosystem

泥炭地在清除大气中的碳方面是大自然的无名英雄, and Indonesia boasts over 24 million hectares[4] of these valuable carbon sinks. 对这些泥炭地进行适当的管理很重要,但最近的一项研究表明,这一比例不到16%[5] 印度尼西亚泥炭地的一半受到保护,这表明迫切需要加大努力.

然而, restoring peatland is not without its challenges. 这是一项复杂而昂贵的努力,需要仔细的计划和执行. 即便如此, success is often contingent on variables such as weather conditions, the threat of pests and invasive species, and the sustained maintenance of the restored areas. 对四月集团的廖内省生态系统恢复(RER)森林恢复特许区的访问揭示了挑战的艰大性, especially given the lush, often inaccessible peatlands. 他们在恢复森林方面面临的最大挑战之一是对植物生长进行排序, and cutting back the species that are preventing growth, thus allowing more space for the larger trees. The RER is a key element of APRIL’s 1-for-1 commitment, 通过该计划,它旨在保护与其人工林面积相等的自然森林区域. Currently, the company is 80% of the way to achieving this goal.

在我访问期间, 我清楚地认识到,科学在理解泥炭地排放方面起着至关重要的作用, 四月集团积极参与这一领域的初步研究,以了解管理之间的实际排放交换, conserved and degraded peatlands. 他们与新加坡国立大学自然气候解决方案中心等合作伙伴一起投资于温室气体排放研究, 推动技术创新,提高基于自然的气候解决方案的可信度.

除了, 他们在生态研究营的投资,其中包括一个专门的泥炭实验室研究设施, located close to the RER area, 帮助吸引全球科学人才和知识合作伙伴研究敏感的泥炭地森林景观和保护生物多样性.

 

Embedding Support for Local Communities

While the natural environment is core to APRIL Group’s business operations, we cannot overlook its importance to the local communities within the area. Through APRIL Group’s initiatives like the Fire Free Village Program (FFVP), 自2015年启动该计划以来,他们发现参与该计划的社区的火灾损失减少了90%. 此外, 项目侧重于赋予农村妇女权力和支持当地农民和微型企业, small, 中小企业创造了数以千计的就业机会,改善了许多人的生计.

My visit to Riau left me with several lasting impressions. 四月集团管理和保护的土地规模及其优化生产利用系统的能力令人印象深刻. 然而,我最难忘的是社区在保护森林方面的重要作用. APRIL集团的经验表明,培养主人翁意识和向当地社区提供经济奖励对有效保护森林至关重要.

总之, 私营部门在印尼实现净零排放和正规博彩十大网站排名的过程中发挥着关键作用, and APRIL Group’s experience holds many lessons for the industry. 正规博彩十大网站(WBCSD)致力于支持我们的会员公司弥合正规博彩十大网站排名的差距. As we continue our collaborative efforts, 我们期待看到印尼在平衡经济增长与气候责任的复杂道路上取得的进展.

[1] 印尼总统佐科威表示,到2045年,印尼将成为世界第四大经济体
 
[2] Indonesia Regains Upper-Middle Income Rank on Growth Rebound
 
[3] (World Bank) Indonesia Country 气候 and 发展 Report
 
[4] (UNOPS) restoring Indonesian peatlands, protecting our planet
 
[5] Peatlands, Indonesia’s carbon trove, are mostly unprotected, study finds

We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. By choosing to continue, you agree to our use of cookies. You can learn more about cookies on our 隐私政策页面.